Characteristics of Turner Syndrome

Characteristics of Turner Syndrome
Characteristics of Turner Syndrome

Syndrome: A group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality or condition

Miriam-Webster Dictionary

So, given the definition above, you may wonder…what signs and symptoms indicate that a girl has Turner Syndrome?  What can a girl with Turner Syndrome expect to possibly face in the future and ask her doctor about?  Well, this condition can manifest itself in many ways.  No two girls are alike and will have different symptoms (besides gonadal dysgenesis, which is present in all girls with Turner Syndrome).  Here is a list of some characteristics that may be present or become present in a girl with Turner Syndrome:

Developmental Characteristics

  • Short Stature
  • Absence of Puberty (Gonadal Dysgenesis and Amenorrhea)
  • Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities

Physical Characteristics

  • Webbed Neck
  • Broad or Shield Chest
  • Lots of Nevi (moles) on the skin
  • Low Hairline
  • Low-set Ears
  • Keloid Scarring
  • Small lower jaw (micrognathia) and high arched palate
  • Shortened Metacarpal bone and Cubitus Vulgus

Internal Problems

  • Lymphedema
  • Visual Problems
  • Hearing Loss (due to frequent inner ear infections)
  • Horseshoe Kidney
  • Curved Finger or Toe Nails
  • Heart Defects
  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

You may wonder, what is the life expectancy of someone with Turner Syndrome?  Am I (or your daughter, if you’re the parent) going to be able to live a normal life?

The answer is Yes.

BUT you obviously are going to have challenges.  It’s OK, almost everyone (even those without Turner Syndrome) has some health problem or another.  It could be much worse.  With the right knowledge, doctors, and care, you have the exact same life expectancy as anyone else.

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